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That ruling had cheap Canada Goose struck off the 50 per cent

History backs AMU’s claim as a Muslim university

Attorney General Mukul Rohatgi’s stand that AMU is not a minority university reveals the anti minority stand of the political party now in power, says, outlining the long history behind one of India’s premier universities. As the executive government at the Centre we cannot be seen as setting up a minority institution in a secular State.’

This was the first hearing of the case in which AMU and the Union of India had jointly appealed against Justice Arun Tandon’s verdict in the Allahabad high court delivered on October 4, 2005. That ruling had cheap Canada Goose struck off the 50 per cent reservation for Muslim minorities, implemented only that year, for the first time.

Thus, one of the two appellants, the Union of India, has, after remaining an appellant canada goose store for more than a decade, has now withdrawn. The lone appellant left, the AMU, will fight the case with its advocates in the Supreme Court.

The attorney general’s stand reveals canada goose the anti minority stand of the political party now in power. This Canada Goose Outlet politics of minority bashing comes as no surprise. Since the issue is sub judice in the Supreme Court, it would be absolutely inappropriate and unwise on the part of Muslims to launch any political agitation.

canada goose uk outlet However, the text of Justice Tandon’s judgment of 2005 is something one should read and understand carefully. He had stuck more to the Azeez Basha vs Union of India case of 1967. Which is rather surprising, because the AMU Amendment Act of 1981 clearly says, i. It was ‘established by the Muslims of India’; ii. The AMU court will be the supreme governing body; and iii. It will ‘promote the educational and cultural advancement of Muslims of India.’ canada goose uk outlet

Canada Goose Jackets But Justice Tandon had chosen not to touch upon the Act of 1981 which acknowledges the historical truth that Muslims established the university. Canada Goose Jackets

More intriguing is the role of sections of the media which have started debating whether religion based reservation canadian goose jacket is valid, whereas canada goose black friday sale the case here was substantially Canada Goose sale different. The case in point is whether the AMU is a minority institution.

Canada Goose Coats On Sale If it is a minority institution, then, Constitutionally, the reservation for Muslim minorities would be valid, in consistence with Article 30(1) of the Constitution of India. Now, the point is, how can we argue that AMU is a Muslim minority institution? Canada Goose Coats On Sale

uk canada goose And here the debate goes into the domain of history. uk canada goose

Historically, the MAO College was established by Muslims and upgraded to the status of University in 1920 {section 23(2)}, with the struggle of/for the Muslims. The non Muslim donors had the same objective: Educational advancement buy canada goose jacket of Muslims.

The objective of the AMU Act 1920 was ‘to establish and incorporate a teaching and residential Muslim university at Aligarh and to dissolve the societies registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860, which are respectively known as the Muhammadan Anglo Oriental College, Aligarh, and the Muslim University Association, and to transfer and vest in the said university all properties and rights of the said societies and other Muslim university foundation committees.’

canada goose In August 1920, speaking on the AMU bill in the Central Legislative canada goose clearance Council, the then education member, Sir Mohammed Shafi, categorically said: ‘The Government of India hopes to give substantial financial assistance to the proposed university in order to mark their canada goose deals own goodwill towards an institution which they earnestly hope will be a source of immense benefit to the Indian Muslims.’ canada goose

canada goose black friday sale It is, therefore, rather more appropriate to revisit the history of the Aligarh Muslim University, because it is Canada Goose Jackets history which will determine its minority status. canada goose black friday sale

canada goose clearance sale The earliest scheme for a Muslim university at Aligarh was set out in the 1870s, but for all practical purposes the idea was more a metaphor than a political programme till Sir Syed’s death on March 27, 1898. canada goose clearance sale

buy canada goose jacket cheap In 1898, one Rafiuddin Ahmad had clearly explained what kind of university the Muslims had in mind. And that was for a ‘secular, modern university of/for Muslims, though avoiding parochialism’ it had to be universal and inclusive in its admission and recruitment policy. buy canada goose jacket cheap

It buy canada goose jacket cheap was reiterated in the session of the Mohammedan Educational Conference at Lahore in December 1898. Morison (1863 1936) also said it was to be a ‘university for Indian Muslims.’

cheap canada goose uk Sir Ziauddin (1878 1947) visualised it to be a strictly residential university with power to affiliate other Muslim minority colleges in India. cheap canada goose uk

In March 1899, Theodore Beck (1859 1899) presented a rough sketch of the Muslim university based on an expanded Aligarh College. ‘Our canada goose coats on sale university,’ he said, ‘is to give a liberal education to the upper and middle classes of canada goose coats Mohamedans and to train scholars.’

Sir Syed’s first death anniversary (1899) was chosen as the date to hold meetings all over the country to raise funds for the Muslim canada goose outlet university.

canada goose uk shop One of the companions of Sir Syed, Samiullah, called on the nawab of Rampur for financial aid and also to ensure Muslim control of the MAO College. Theodore Beck, Mohsinul Mulk (1837 1907) etc joined the campaign. canada goose uk shop

It was Aftab Ahmad Khan (1867 1930), an alumnus of the college, who formed the Sir Syed Memorial Fund to raise the college to university and also to pay off the debts of the college due to financial embezzlement and falling enrolment in the late 1890s.

canada goose uk black friday Mohsinul Mulk as the president (and Aftab was the secretary of the Sir Syed Memorial Fund) undertook an all India tour to raise funds and to establish an endowment of Rs 10 lakhs. Shaukat Ali (1873 1939) was also in the SSMF. canada goose uk black friday

Canada Goose Parka Badruddin Tyabji (1844 1906), once president of the Indian National Congress, contributed Rs 2,000 to the fund. Canada Goose Parka

buy canada goose jacket In the same year the Old Boys Association was formed which launched its own campaign to raise funds for the Muslim university, where one per cent of the income had to be contributed by the alumni for the purpose. (This contribution helped to pay salaries of the employees of the college also). buy canada goose jacket

Aftab Ahmad formed the ‘Duty Society,’ sending students to ‘beg’ during their vacations. Canada Goose online Aftab had also joined the Indian National Congress.

canada goose store Thus, as much as three, four bodies came up to raise the MAO College to the status of a university for Muslims the Sir Syed Memorial Fund, the Old Boys Association, the Mohammedan Educational Conference, the Duty Society, etc. canada goose store

cheap Canada Goose That is why Mohammad Ali Jauhar (1878 1931) said in no uncertain terms, ‘The idea of a Muslim university had been generated by a popular movement. Aligarh’s is the people’s very own institution.’ cheap Canada Goose

During 1910 1912, a friendly competition to raise funds took place between the Banaras Hindu University and the AMU. The Aga Khan visited Banaras and contributed some amount to its fund. This was reciprocated by the Maharaja of Darbhanga, who visited Aligarh.

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